These are the fauna or animals found in Bohol. Bohol has various animals that are very unique just like the Tarsier.The fauna on Bohol is almost identical to that on Mindanao, Samar, and Leyte, but not that on nearby Negros. Scientists believe that the floral and faunal biodiversity unique to the Philippines is caused by the Ice Age. They also believe that the country has the most severely endangered plant and animal communities on earth. In this page, you will find the origin,conservation status ,ecological role and economic value of each Fauna found in Bohol.
Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta)
- Description: It is one of the smallest known primates, no larger than a adult men’s hand. Mostly active at night, it lives on a diet of insects.
- Origin: It is predominantly found in Bohol.
- Conservation Status: Near threatened
- Ecological role: They may help to structure insect communities for they are primarily insectivorous.
- Economic value: Pet trade research and education
Colugo (Cynocephalus volans)
- Description: They are cat sized and neither resemble lemurs nor do they fly.
- Origin: occurs on the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Basilan, Samar, Leyte, Bohol.
- Conservation status: Threatened by deforestation and loss of habitat
- Ecological Role:
- Economic value: Philippine colugos are hunted for their meat and are considered by plantation owners as pests.
Golden Crown Flying Fox (Acerodon jubatus)
- Description: Like other bats in the Family Pteropodidae, Acerodon jubatu has large, bright eyes and relatively simple external ears.
- Origin: Found in Bohol,Philippines
- Conservation status: Endangered
- Ecological role: disperses seeds
- Economic value: Golden-capped fruit bats are hunted for consumption.
- Description : They have large eyes, small, simple ears, and a long, extendable tongue.
- Origin: Found throughout much of South Asia but is predominantly found in islands around the Philippines such as Bohol.
- Conservation status: lower risk/least concern
- Ecological role : Pollination
- Economic Value: Aside from pollination, they are also hunted for use as food. Bat guano from the Philippines is harvested for use as fertilizer.
Philippine Eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi)
- Description: They are the world’s largest eagle species. Males and females are similar in appearance. They have a white belly and underwing. Their long feathers of the head and nape form a distinctive crest.
- Origin: found on parts of the larger islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte and Bohol
- Ecological Role: Philippine eagles are top predators in the ecosystems they inhabit.
- Economic value: They are hunted by humans for their feathers and as trophies. However, they may sometimes take domestic livestock, such as poultry and small pigs.
- Description: It is the largest fish in the sea, reaching at least 49 feet (12 meters) or more.
- Origin: It prefers warm waters, and it populates all tropical seas.
- Conservation Status: They are currently listed as vulnerable species
- Ecological Role: They eat plankton and fish nearby. They are filter feeders.
- Ecological Value: They continue to be hunted in parts of Asia, like the Philippines.